Posts Tagged ‘Австралия’

(Russian) Российские и китайские курильщики чаще других умирают от инсультов

Wednesday, April 23rd, 2014

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(Russian) Лучшие социальные кампании России и мира

Monday, April 14th, 2014

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(Russian) 8 примеров честной рекламы про людей с ограниченными возможностями

Saturday, December 21st, 2013

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(Russian) Гондурас развязал «табачную войну» с Австралией

Monday, October 7th, 2013

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(Russian) Родственники австралийских автолюбителей приняли участие в социальной кампании

Thursday, April 18th, 2013

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Global Road Safety in Focus

Wednesday, March 20th, 2013

More than 1.2 million people are killed on the road every year – and more than 20 million are injured, according to a World Health Organisation report published recently.

This makes road accidents the eighth leading cause of death globally – comparable in impact to communicable diseases such as malaria – and the WHO estimates it could rise to fifth in the rankings by 2030 unless action is taken.

Three-quarters of all road deaths are among young men – and road accidents are the leading cause of death for 15- to 29-year-olds.

The WHO’s Global Status Report on Road Safety 2013 found that 27% of global traffic deaths are among pedestrians and cyclists – vulnerable road users who have been neglected in transport and planning policies. In low- and middle-income countries the figure is closer to 33%; in some, it is as high as 75%.


Margaret Chan, director general of the WHO, said the number of road deaths was “unacceptably high”, while injuries “take an enormous toll on individuals and communities as well as on national economies”. Low-income families are hardest hit by medical costs and lost wages.

Dealing with deaths and injuries on roads costs billions of dollars each year (pdf), taking an estimated toll on low- and middle-income countries of 1-2% of economic output – a total across those countries of more than $100bn a year. Middle-income countries, particularly in Africa, where car use is rising, have been disproportionately affected, said the WHO.

The global road traffic death rate is 18 per 100,000 people. Middle-income countries have the highest rate – 20.1 – while high-income countries have the lowest, at 8.7. Regionally, the lowest rate is in Europe (10.3 per 100,000) and the highest in Africa (24.1 per 100,000).

“Road traffic injuries are increasing, notably in low- and middle-income countries, where rates are twice those in high-income countries. This is partly attributable to the rapid rate of motorisation in many developing countries without a concomitant investment in road safety strategies and land use planning,” said the report.

The WHO named six countries that have steadily reduced road deaths – Australia, Canada, France, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK. It said 88 countries reduced deaths on the road between 2007 and 2010 (42 high-income, 41 middle-income and five low-income countries), while 87 experienced increases. The WHO refused to name the countries where rates had increased.

The report found that the number of annual deaths on the world’s roads was more or less stable, at 1.24 million, but said that – given the number of registered vehicles has risen 15% since its last report in 2009 – more people would have died without the action already taken to reduce risk in five key areas.

World governments declared 2011-20 a decade of action for road safety and the WHO has been urging countries to tighten legislation on speed, drink-driving, use of helmets, seatbelts and child restraints.

“Although the aim of reducing the annual burden of road traffic deaths has yet to be realised, the lack of increase suggests interventions to improve global road safety may have mitigated deaths that would otherwise have occurred,” the report said.

The road safety study found that only 28 countries, covering 7% of the world’s population, have adequate laws in place – and this number remains unchanged from the last report. Over the past five years, 35 countries have passed new laws or changed existing laws – but even where laws do exist, their enforcement is inadequate, the report found.

The report also calls for standardised data collection on road safety, injuries and deaths – and highlights the need to improve post-crash care.

“Real progress has been made towards improving road safety and saving lives, but what this report shows is that faster and more concerted action is needed to prevent many more lives being needlessly lost on the world’s roads,” the authors said.

Full story:

Britain may bring in plain packaging for cigarettes

Tuesday, March 12th, 2013

Ministers could announce plans to introduce plain packets for cigarettes later this year, reports suggest. The legislation will be announced during the Queen’s Speech in May, the Guardian said.

The newspaper said the Government also plans to ban smoking in cars carrying children. However, senior Department of Health officials insisted that Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt is yet to make a decision about the move.

In December, Australia became the first country in the world to put all tobacco products in standardised packs. Cigarettes and other products are all sold in packaging of a standardised colour, with only the brand name and graphic warnings visible.

“We are going to follow what they have done in Australia,” a senior Whitehall source told the Guardian. “The evidence suggests it is going to deter young smokers. There is going to be legislation.”

In April last year, the Government launched a consultation on plans to introduce mandatory standardised packaging for tobacco products.

Health campaigners have welcomed the proposal, saying that brightly coloured packages are one of the last marketing ploys tobacco companies use to lure people to their products, but opponents claim it would lead to increased smuggling and job losses.

Information generated by the consultation, which closed in August, is still being analysed by health officials.

A Department of Health spokeswoman said: “We have received many thousands of responses to the tobacco packaging consultation. We are currently in the process of carefully collating and analysing all the responses received. The Government has an open mind on this issue and any decisions to take further action will be taken only after full consideration of the consultation responses, evidence and other relevant information.”

Dr Harpal Kumar, chief executive of Cancer Research UK, said: “Introducing standardised packaging would be a huge public health achievement for the Government. And despite strong lobbying from the tobacco industry, we know the majority of the public backs plain packs. We urge the Government to move forward with this measure and give it our full backing.”


(Russian) В Австралии сигаретные пачки стали тускло-зеленого цвета

Tuesday, December 4th, 2012

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Public Hearings Will Start in Russia on Anti-Tobacco Law

Monday, September 24th, 2012

The Ministry of health of the Russian Federation introduced for public hearings a draft law on the protection of the health of the population from the tobacco smoke and the consequences of tobacco consumption.

Australia backs logo ban on cigarette packs

Friday, August 17th, 2012

If you’re in Australia in December and you feel like smoking a cigarette, you won’t find your favorite brands in their usual packages. Instead, you’ll be confronted with graphic photos of rotted teeth, blinded eyeballs and hospitalized children.

That’s because the country’s highest court just got tough with tobacco companies, upholding a law on how cigarettes are promoted. When smokers buy a pack of cigarettes, instead of seeing familiar labels, they’ll be faced instead with those graphic images, along with urgent warnings about smoking’s hazards.

That’s right, the usual brand logos and designs will be go missing from the packages, with the brand name visible only on a plain strip. The ruling is considered the most stringent law in the world on tobacco labeling and perhaps the strongest stand against big tobacco companies.

The Associated Press reported today that the Australian government has tried to persuade other countries to follow its lead in downplaying smoking’s glamorous cachet and highlighting its deleterious effects.

“Governments can take on big tobacco and win and it’s worth countries looking again at what the next appropriate step is for them,” Australia’s Attorney General Nicola Roxon was quoted telling reporters.

Other countries have added graphic warning labels in recent years, but none this bold. In Canada, half of each cigarette pack carries graphic labels, and in Brazil explicit photographs of diseased limbs and cancer patients adorn cigarette packages.

Not surprisingly, tobacco companies such as Philip Morris International and British American Tobacco aren’t happy about the ruling and argue that it will cut deeply into their profits. AP said that the companies challenged the decision on the basis that it cheapens their trademarks and infringes on their intellectual property rights.

In a news release, Philip Morris spokesperson Chris Argent said, “We will have to wait to read the court’s opinion to fully assess today’s decision. Regardless, the legality of plain packaging, including whether Australia will have to pay substantial compensation to Philip Morris Asia, remains at issue and will be considered in other ongoing legal challenges.”

Australia’s high court will release its opinion on the case later.

The news is being heralded by anti-smoking proponents as a watershed moment. “It’s now broken the wall,” Rob Moodie, professor of public health at the University of Melbourne, told Bloomberg News. “Governments with sufficient guts and resources can stare down the saber rattling of the tobacco companies.”

The U.S. may eventually get similar graphic tobacco labels, but that situation is tied up in the courts right now. In 2009 the Food and Drug Administration came up with several warning labels that were set to debut this year. But tobacco companies objected to the labels and a U.S. District judge ruled they were too large. An appeals court is currently deciding the case.

A study published in June in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found that current smokers had better recall of graphic image warnings labels than text-only warning labels, leading researchers to believe the vivid messages about smoking risks might be more effective in getting people to quit.

Read the full story at