Posts Tagged ‘ВОЗ’

(Russian) Антитабачный закон в РФ-2014: где теперь нельзя курить, а где можно

Monday, June 2nd, 2014

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(Russian) 10 сентября отмечался всемирный день предотвращения самоубийств

Thursday, September 12th, 2013

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(Russian) Вышел в свет новый доклад ВОЗ о табачной эпидемии

Wednesday, July 24th, 2013

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(Russian) В Израиле вступит в силу запрет на курение на стадионах

Thursday, July 18th, 2013

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(Russian) Молчать нельзя говорить

Saturday, June 29th, 2013

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Global Road Safety in Focus

Wednesday, March 20th, 2013

More than 1.2 million people are killed on the road every year – and more than 20 million are injured, according to a World Health Organisation report published recently.

This makes road accidents the eighth leading cause of death globally – comparable in impact to communicable diseases such as malaria – and the WHO estimates it could rise to fifth in the rankings by 2030 unless action is taken.

Three-quarters of all road deaths are among young men – and road accidents are the leading cause of death for 15- to 29-year-olds.

The WHO’s Global Status Report on Road Safety 2013 found that 27% of global traffic deaths are among pedestrians and cyclists – vulnerable road users who have been neglected in transport and planning policies. In low- and middle-income countries the figure is closer to 33%; in some, it is as high as 75%.


Margaret Chan, director general of the WHO, said the number of road deaths was “unacceptably high”, while injuries “take an enormous toll on individuals and communities as well as on national economies”. Low-income families are hardest hit by medical costs and lost wages.

Dealing with deaths and injuries on roads costs billions of dollars each year (pdf), taking an estimated toll on low- and middle-income countries of 1-2% of economic output – a total across those countries of more than $100bn a year. Middle-income countries, particularly in Africa, where car use is rising, have been disproportionately affected, said the WHO.

The global road traffic death rate is 18 per 100,000 people. Middle-income countries have the highest rate – 20.1 – while high-income countries have the lowest, at 8.7. Regionally, the lowest rate is in Europe (10.3 per 100,000) and the highest in Africa (24.1 per 100,000).

“Road traffic injuries are increasing, notably in low- and middle-income countries, where rates are twice those in high-income countries. This is partly attributable to the rapid rate of motorisation in many developing countries without a concomitant investment in road safety strategies and land use planning,” said the report.

The WHO named six countries that have steadily reduced road deaths – Australia, Canada, France, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK. It said 88 countries reduced deaths on the road between 2007 and 2010 (42 high-income, 41 middle-income and five low-income countries), while 87 experienced increases. The WHO refused to name the countries where rates had increased.

The report found that the number of annual deaths on the world’s roads was more or less stable, at 1.24 million, but said that – given the number of registered vehicles has risen 15% since its last report in 2009 – more people would have died without the action already taken to reduce risk in five key areas.

World governments declared 2011-20 a decade of action for road safety and the WHO has been urging countries to tighten legislation on speed, drink-driving, use of helmets, seatbelts and child restraints.

“Although the aim of reducing the annual burden of road traffic deaths has yet to be realised, the lack of increase suggests interventions to improve global road safety may have mitigated deaths that would otherwise have occurred,” the report said.

The road safety study found that only 28 countries, covering 7% of the world’s population, have adequate laws in place – and this number remains unchanged from the last report. Over the past five years, 35 countries have passed new laws or changed existing laws – but even where laws do exist, their enforcement is inadequate, the report found.

The report also calls for standardised data collection on road safety, injuries and deaths – and highlights the need to improve post-crash care.

“Real progress has been made towards improving road safety and saving lives, but what this report shows is that faster and more concerted action is needed to prevent many more lives being needlessly lost on the world’s roads,” the authors said.

Full story:

Australia Plans to Get Tougher on Tobacco

Friday, April 8th, 2011

SYDNEY—Australia on Thursday unveiled draft laws banning logos and branding from tobacco packaging, the first government in the world to take such a stance, likely setting lawmakers up for a pitched battle with cigarette makers.

Under the proposed laws, logos, branding, colors and promotional text will be restricted on packets. Product names will appear in standard colors and positions in a regular font and size on packets colored a dark olive/brown, which government research has found holds the lowest appeal to smokers. Health warnings with graphic images of the harmful effects of smoking will have to make up 75% of the front of the packaging and 90% of the back.

“I expect Big Tobacco to fight these steps tooth and nail. They know that if Australia is the first, we will not be the last,” said Health Minister Nicola Roxon. “This plain packaging legislation is a world first and sends a clear message that the glamour is gone. Cigarette packs will now only show the death and disease that can come from smoking,” she said.

British American Tobacco PLC—the world’s second-biggest tobacco group by revenue, after China National Tobacco Corp., and the biggest cigarette seller in Australia—said it intends to fight the government’s proposed measures, saying the laws would rob it of intellectual property rights valued at billions of dollars and that they would breach international trademark laws.

“It’s going to end up in the courts,” BAT spokesman Scott McIntyre said. BAT also says plain packaging would open the cigarette market to counterfeit producers, something the government says will be offset by new features designed to thwart counterfeiting.

BAT this year reported higher full-year profit on the back of growing demand from emerging countries, even while volumes decline as the global economy stutters. The company’s Australian brands include some of the country’s most popular: Winfield, Dunhill and Benson & Hedges. Rivals in Australia include Philip Morris International Inc. and Imperial Tobacco Group PLC’s local unit.

A spokesman for Philip Morris said the company will oppose the government’s move “in every way possible.”

“Plain packaging not only constitutes an expropriation of our valuable trademarks, but would be a pure and simple confiscation of the core of our business,” the company said in a statement.

Imperial Tobacco said it, too, will “robustly” fight the claims and said sales of counterfeit tobacco will soar if the new rules are implemented. “Organised crime will continue to strengthen its footprint in Australia because importing and selling counterfeits of plain packaged legitimate Australian brands will be easier than in any other market in the world,” the company said.

Retailers are also set to oppose the measure. The Australian Retailers Association said compliance costs would increase as store fittings are altered and the laws could spark “retail rage” at checkouts as increased transaction times anger consumers.

“Plain packaging is likely to significantly increase the time taken to complete a transaction, including the sale of tobacco product,” Russell Zimmerman, the ARA’s executive director, said in a statement.

If passed, the new laws would take effect Jan. 1, 2012, with all packaging expected to comply with the regulations within six months. According to government figures, 15,000 Australians die annually from smoking, while tobacco-related illness costs society 31.5 billion Australian dollars (US$32.9 billion) annually.

Shadow health minister and Liberal Party lawmaker Peter Dutton said his party has yet to formulate a stance on the policy but wants to see the government’s research on why plain packaging is deemed an effective method to reduce smoking habits. His remarks hint the government may need to compromise on the new rules if they are to pass through Parliament.

“We have a proud record of standing up for consumers,” Mr. Dutton said. “We want to support sensible measures.”

Australia’s plan to regulate tobacco packaging is in line with moves by other governments around the world. In the U.K., the Conservative-led government plans to ban tobacco products from being openly displayed in shops, while the U.S. Justice Department in February said tobacco companies should say in product warnings that they deceived the public about the dangers of smoking and manipulated their products to increase addiction.

Health experts in China have also warned of tobacco-related illnesses. China is the world’s biggest consumer of tobacco, with an estimated 300 million smokers—nearly a quarter of its 1.3 billion-strong population.

The World Health Organization, which backs the plain-packaging measures, estimates five million people die annually from diseases linked to tobacco, a figure expected to climb to nine million by 2030.

The Australian measures were first mooted in 2010, shortly after an increase in excise taxes as part of a policy to cut smoking to 10% or less of the adult population by 2018 and measures to clamp down on online advertising. Since 2006, cigarette packages in Australia have carried color images displaying the health effects of smoking.

Read more here

Tabacco Advertising to be Banned in 2010 in Russia

Friday, October 8th, 2010


Belorus Bans Smoking in Colleges

Wednesday, October 6th, 2010


Poll: 70 Percent of Ukranians are against Tobacco Ads

Friday, October 1st, 2010